Modeling Semantic Similarity between Metaphor Terms of Visual vs. Linguistic Metaphors through Flickr Tag Distributions

Marianna Bolognesi published her study ‘Modeling Semantic Similarity between Metaphor Terms of Visual vs. Linguistic Metaphors through Flickr Tag Distributions‘ in Frontiers in Communication.

As explained in the article, the method hereby used captures primarily relational similarity between concept pairs, that is, between tags that appear in similar tagsets (and therefore in similar pictures).

It is hereby shown that visual and linguistic metaphors behave differently, in that the similarity between two aligned concepts in a visual metaphor, on average, appears to be significantly higher than the similarity between two concepts aligned in a linguistic metaphor.

An additional content analysis shows that the type of semantic information encoded in the related tags (i.e., the contexts on which the contingency matrices of this distributional method are built) differs, in relation to the modality of the metaphor: while situation-related and entity-related features are typically associated with concepts aligned in visual metaphors, introspections, and taxonomic features are typically associated with concepts aligned in linguistic metaphors.

Figurative Framing: Shaping Public Discourse Through Metaphor, Hyperbole, and Irony

Framing is an important concept in communication, yet many framing studies set out to develop frames relevant to only one issue. Burgers, Konijn and Steen expand framing theory by introducing figurative framing. They posit that figurative language types like metaphor, hyperbole and irony are important in shaping public discourse, because these figures contain important linguistic and conceptual content about the issue under discussion. In their article, they first explicate the role of each individual figure (metaphor, hyperbole, and irony) in the framing of important societal issues. Then, they focus on complex figurative frames (combinations of metaphor, hyperbole, and/or irony). Their article concludes with a research agenda, connecting figurative framing to the four key processes in framing research (frame building, frame setting, individual-level effects, and feedback loop).

Continue to the article.

CfP Winter School 2017

The deadline has been extended until 12 pm DST, on Sunday 30 October 2016!

The call for participants for the Metaphor Lab Amsterdam Winter School 2017 is out: CfP Winter School 2017.

Application deadline: Sunday 23 October 2016, 12 pm DST.

Narrative Metaphor Nexus

Mike Hanne has helped to convene a series of conferences over many years, collectively entitled The Narrative/Metaphor Nexus. They have explored from every angle the combined role of narrative and metaphor in disciplines as diverse as: Medicine (Berkeley, 2010), Politics (Claremont Graduate University, 2013), Law (Stanford, 2016), with a major publication following from each event. A website which encompasses the whole Narrative/Metaphor Nexus project has just been launched, with writings Mike Hanne has contributed to it accessible directly:
narrativemetaphornexus.weebly.com

Metaphor Festival 2016!

From Wednesday 31 August until Saturday afternoon 3 September, the Metaphor Festival took place in Amsterdam for the first time. The previous Swedish hosts of the Metaphor Festival, David Minugh and Nils-Lennart Johannesson, were there to make the transition from Stockholm to Amsterdam official. Almost a hundred attendees from all over the world (Australia, China, (Hong Kong and Taiwan), Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungaria, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Lithuania, Mexico, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK) visited the Metaphor Festival 2016. On Thursday and Friday they presented and listened to inspiring scientific talks, and on Saturday they were able to attend different interesting workshops. The festival ended with a sociable canal boat tour through the canals of the city. It was an unforgettable first Metaphor Festival Amsterdam and we hope to see a lot of people (again!) next year.

We want to thank the Network Institute, the Amsterdam Center for Language and Communication and John Benjamins Publishing Company for sponsoring this the first edition of the Metaphor Festival Amsterdam.

We have created an album with the pictures of the Metaphor Festival Amsterdam 2016.

Narrative and Metaphor in Education: submit your abstract!

From 30 March to 1 April 2017  the “Look Both Ways” – Narrative and Metaphor in Education Conference 2017 will be held at Vrije Universiteit (VU), Amsterdam.

Abstracts can now be submitted until the 31st of October.

See the conference website for more information!

Last call Symposium ‘Abstract Concepts’

Abstract Concepts: Debating Their Structure, Processing, and Modeling.

Date: 18-Nov-2016, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

https://abstractconceptsnet.wordpress.com/

Description
On which dimensions of meaning do abstract and concrete concepts differ? How does perceptual experience affect abstract concept processing and representation? What is the role of language in shaping and indexing the content of concrete vs. abstract concepts? How and in which contexts are abstract concepts understood through metaphors? Abstract concepts are a controversial and widely debated topic, within the theoretical discussion about the embodied vs symbolic nature of language and meaning. The aim of this project is to bring together current views about the structure, processing, and modeling of abstract concepts.

Program
8 eminent scholars have been invited to Amsterdam to discuss the nature, structure, processing, and modeling of abstract concepts in various disciplines. During the symposium the panelists will present in turn their view and will receive structured comments (prepared in advance) from their peers. A general discussion among all panelists and the audience will follow.

Invited Keynote Speakers and 
Provisional titles
Prof. Friedemann Pulvermueller – Concrete mechanisms for abstract meaning
Prof. Gun Semin – The place of metaphors in the order of things
Prof. Piek Vossen – Granularity and identity of event descriptions
Dr. Diane Pecher – Curb your embodiment
Prof. Max Louwerse – Language statistics explain conceptual processing
Prof. Alessandro Lenci – The Emotions of Abstracts: A Distributional Semantic Analysis Prof.
Ken McRae – Situations, perceptual information and abstract concepts
Prof. Gabriella Vigliocco – Learning and processing abstract concepts: the role of language and the role of emotion

Call for Papers
Given the structure and program of the symposium, with 8 keynote speakers, submissions are welcome (and encouraged!) for poster presentations. Posters will be displayed on the conference venue for the whole day and actively discussed over the lunch break, which will take place at the conference venue.

Applicants are asked to submit (max.) 250 words abstracts to M.M.Bolognesi2@uva.nl.

Registration info can be found on the symposium website: https://abstractconceptsnet.wordpress.com/https://abstractconceptsnet.wordpress.com/

Submission deadline (extended): 30th September
Notification of acceptance: 3rd  October
Symposium date: 18th November

The event is organized by the COGVIM project team (EU Marie Curie IEF, awarded to Dr. Marianna Bolognesi – n° 629076) and sponsored by ABC Amsterdam Brain and Cognition, Network Institute, and KNAW Dutch Royal Academy of Science.

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